Registered Patient Population
of Total Population Represented by Patients
Total Medical Retail Locations Currently in Operation
19,223 : 1
Patients : Retail
Cannabis is legal to all adults above 21 in Washington. Medical patients may grow 4 plants at home, or up to 15 per household with registration from the state. Patients and caregivers may shop at the state’s dispensaries. Washington does not recognize out of state medical cannabis cards. Patients report there are still few dispensaries which presents a barrier to access in many areas. As a registered patient in Washington you will have an affirmative defense in court if you are arrested for the possession of cannabis. You will also be legally protected from discrimination based on your cannabis use in a child custody hearing. An employer will not be allowed to fire you on the basis of your enrollment in the program. You will not be denied an organ transplant based on your cannabis use. Landlords cannot evict you on the basis of your medical cannabis use. You are also exempt from paying sales tax when buying products from a medically-endorsed retail store. Details on how these laws apply to patients and medical professionals can be found below.
In 2012, in the state of Washington “clemency relief” was provided to certain individuals who have prior convictions for cannabis possession. Adults 21 and over who have been convicted between January 1, 1998 and December 5, 2012 may be granted pardons through the Marijuana Justice Initiative’s expedited process. In 2019, Senate Bill 5605 was signed by Governor Jay Inslee, facilitating the expungement of past low-level marijuana convictions.
Home cultivation is allowed in Washington, for medical cannabis patients with a physician’s recommendation, but not a medical marijuana card. Can grow up to four plants. That number increases to six plants with a valid medical marijuana card from the state, but residents can grow up to fifteen plants with authorization from a physician.
NOTICE: It can be challenging for patients to determine which businesses offering cannabis products are licensed and approved by the state. Review this list of medical cannabis retailers and/or a list of adult use retailers to find out where to purchase regulated cannabis in Washington.
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Navigating Washington State Laws:
Here is a breakdown of how Washington fared in ASA’s Annual State of the States Report, which evaluates the effectiveness of each state cannabis program from a patient perspective and assigns a grade using a rubric that reflects the key issues affecting patient access. Medical cannabis laws are constantly changing, ASA’s policy recommendations for Washington can be found below. For policy updates sign up here.
|Patient Rights and Civil Protections
|Access to Medicine
|Health and Social Equity
|Consumer Protection and Product Safety
|Excerpted from ASA's 2022 State of the States Report.
Becoming a Patient in Washington
Is marijuana legal in Washington? Medical cannabis in Washington
Recommending Cannabis in Washington
Legal guidance for physicians recommending medical cannabis in Washington
Find local ASA Chapters, Action Groups and Affiliates in Washington and get involved in local campaigns.
History of Medical Cannabis in Washington
A brief history of medical marijuana legalization in Washington
Policy Recommendations Washington
ASA's recommendations for medical cannabis policy improvements in Washington to benefit patients and consumers
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