Minnesota

Minneapolis

36,962
Registered Patient Population
0.65%
of Total Population Represented by Patients
8
Total Medical Retail Locations Currently in Operation
4,620 : 1
Patients : Retail

Medical cannabis is legal in Minnesota; however, the smoking of cannabis is prohibited. Patients may use liquid, pill or vaporized delivery methods. Home cultivation is illegal in Minnesota. Patients report limited access due to high costs and an insufficient number of dispensaries.Minnesota does not recognize out of state medical cannabis cards.

Patient Rights and Civil Protection 84/100   
Arrest Protection 40/40
Affirmative Defense 12/15
Parental Rights Protections 10/10
DUI Protections 0/5
Employment Protections 5/5
Explicit Privacy Standards 7/7
Housing Protections 5/5
Does Not Create New Criminal Penalties for Patients 0/5
Organ Transplants 5/5
Reciprocity 0/3
Access to Medicine 48/100   
Allows Distribution Programs 13/40
– Allows Access to Dried Flowers 0/15
– Allows Delivery 0/5
– No Sales Tax or Reasonable Sales Tax 5/5
– Allows for a Reasonable Number of Dispensaries 3/5
– Does Not Require Vertical Integration 0/2
– Ownership/Employment Restrictions 1/2
– Provisions for Labor Standards 0/2
– Environmental Impact Regulations 2/2
– Choice of Dispensary Without Restrictions 2/2
Noncommercial Cultivation 0/20
– Personal Cultivation 0/15
– Collective Gardening 0/5
Explicit Right to Edibles/Concentrates/Other Forms 7/10
Does not Impose Bans or Limits on THC 10/10
Does not Impose Bans on CBD 10/10
Local Bans/Zoning 8/10
Comprehensive Qualifying Conditions 47/50
Adding New Conditions 8/10
– Law/Regulations Allow for New Conditions 5/5
– System Works for Adding New Conditions 3/5
Reasonable Access for Minors 9/10
Reasonable Caregiver Background Checks 3/4
Number of Caregivers 2/2
Patient/Practitioner-Focused Task Force or Advisory Board 2/2
Reasonable Fees (Patients and Caregivers) 7/10
Allows Multiple-Year Registrations 0/2
Reasonable Physician Requirements 3/5
Does Not Classify Cannabis as a Medicine of Last Resort 4/5
Functionality 72/100   
Patients Able to Access Medicine at Dispensaries or by Cultivation 35/50
No Significant Administrative or Supply Problems 12/15
Patients Can Receive Legal Protections Within Reasonable Time Frame of Doctor's Recommendation 8/10
Reasonable Possession Limits 4/5
Reasonable Purchase Limits 5/5
Allows Patients to Medicate Where They Choose 3/5
Covered by Insurance/State Health Aid 0/3
Financial Hardship (Fee Waivers/Discount Medicine) 5/7
Consumer Safety and Provider Requirements 60/100   
Dispensing 21/25
Staff Training 3/5
Standard Operating Procedures 5/5
– Facility Sanitary Conditions 1.25/1.25
– Storage Protocols 1.25/1.25
– Reasonable Security Protocols 1.25/1.25
– Inventory Control 1.25/1.25
Recall Protocol and Adverse Event Reporting 5/5
Product Labeling 2.67/5
– Product Contents, Including Source Material Identification 1.67/1.67
– Allergens 0/1.67
– Potency/Compound Identification 1/1.67
Required Testing 5/5
– Active Compound Identification 1.67/1.67
– Contaminants 1.67/1.67
– Potency 1.67/1.67
Grow/Cultivation 12.25/25
Staff Training 3/5
Standard Operating Procedures 0/5
– Facility and Equipment Sanitary Conditions 0/0.71
– Workforce Safety Protocols 0/0.71
– Storage Protocols (Short-Term and Long-Term Storage) 0/0.71
– Reasonable Security Protocols 0/0.71
– Batch and Lot Tracking 0/0.71
– Disposal/Waste 0/0.71
– Water Management 0/0.71
Pesticide Guidance 3/5
– Pesticide Guidance 2/2.5
– Pesticide Labeling 1/2.5
Required Testing 1.25/5
– Active Ingredient Identification 1.25/1.25
– Contaminants 0/1.25
– Potency 0/1.25
– Sample Retention 0/1.25
Recall Protocol and Adverse Event Reporting 5/5
Manufacturing 18.67/25
Staff Training 3/5
Standard Operating Procedures 5/5
– Facility and Equipment Sanitary Conditions 1/1
– Workforce Safety Protocols 1/1
– Storage Protocols 1/1
– Reasonable Security Protocols 1/1
– Batch and Lot Tracking 1/1
Product Labeling 2.67/5
– Product Contents, Including Source Material Identification 1.67/1.67
– Allergens 0/1.67
– Potency and Compound Information 1/1.67
Required Testing 3/5
– Active Ingredient Identification 1/1
– Contaminants 1/1
– Potency 1/1
– Shelf Life Testing 0/1
– Sample Retention 0/1
Recall Protocol and Adverse Event Reporting 5/5
Laboratory Operations 8.32/25
Staff Training 0/5
Method Validation in Accordance with AHP Guidelines 0/5
Result Reporting 0/5
Independent or Third Party 5/5
Standard Operating Procedures and Protocols 3.32/5
– Equipment and Instrument Calibration 0/0.83
– Sample Tracking 0.83/0.83
– Facility and Equipment Sanitary Conditions 0.83/0.83
– Disposal/Waste 0.83/0.83
– Storage Protocols 0.83/0.83
– Workforce Safety Protocols 0/0.83
Covid Response 15/20   
Delivery Available? 1/6
Curbside Pickup Available? 2/2
Medical Cannabis Essential? 7/7
Telemedicine Available? 5/5
Covid Response 15/20
Delivery Available? 1/6
Curbside Pickup Available? 2/2
Medical Cannabis Essential? 7/7
Telemedicine Available? 5/5
Excerpted from ASA's 2020 State of the States Report.

In This Section

Minnesota Medical Marijuana Laws and Regulations

In 2014, the Minnesota legislature passed SF 2470, which provides legal protections for patients with certain debilitating medical conditions who obtain a physician’s recommendation for the use of medical cannabis products. Minnesota law does not provide legal access to cannabis in its most commonly used form, dried flowers.

Becoming a patient in Minnesota

To become a patient under Minnesota law, the person must be a Minnesota resident who has been diagnosed with a qualifying medical condition by a healthcare practitioner and has registered with the state Department of Health (DOH). Patients must submit their recommendation and any other paperwork required by DOH within 90 calendar days of the physician signed diagnosis.

Recommending Cannabis in Minnesota

The ability to recommend medical cannabis in Minnesota rest with "health care practitioners," who are defined as doctor, physician's assistant, or advanced practicing nurse who is licensed to practice in the state. The recommending health care practitioner must have primary responsibility for the care and treatment of the qualifying medical condition that the patient is being recommending medical cannabis to treat.

Minnesota Caregiver, Producer and Provider Info

Caregivers seeking to assist patients in Minnesota must apply at the time that the patient submits their registration application to DOH. Caregivers must be at least 21 years of age and may not have a disqualifying felony conviction for violation of the state or federal controlled substances act. The law authorizes DOH to license and regulate medical cannabis manufacturers (MCM), which cultivate, process, and sell medical cannabis products to patients.

The State of Medical Marijuana in Minnesota

The State of Medical Marijuana in Minnesota