Minnesota

Minnesota

51,999
Registered Patient Population
0.92%
of Total Population Represented by Patients
13
Total Medical Retail Locations Currently in Operation
4,000 : 1
Patients : Retail

Medical cannabis is legal in Minnesota; however, the smoking of cannabis is prohibited until March 1st 2022 when legislation allowing smokable forms of cannabis goes into effect. Patients may use liquid, pill or vaporized delivery methods. Home cultivation is illegal in Minnesota. Patients report limited access due to high costs and an insufficient number of dispensaries. Minnesota does not recognize out of state medical cannabis cards.

Patient Rights and Civil Protections 90/100   
Arrest Protection 25/25
Affirmative Defense 20/20
Parental Rights Protections 20/20
DUI Protections 0/10
Employment Protections 20/20
Explicit Privacy Standards 5/5
Access to Medicine 30/100   
Authorizes Retail Access 10/10
Alternative Accessibility Methods 10/20
- Authorizes Delivery 0/10
- Authorizes Curbside Pickup 10/10
Personal Cultivation 0/15
Collective Gardening 0/5
Sufficient Number of Licenced Retailers 10/30
Reciprocity 0/20
Program Functionality 59/100   
Legal Protections Within Reasonable Time Frame 10/20
Reasonable Possession Limits 10/10
Reasonable Purchase Limits 10/10
Telemedicine for Physician Certifications 15/15
Patient and Physician Representation in Program Decision Making 0/20
Reasonable Caregiver Standards 4/5
- Background Checks 1/2
- Number of Caregivers 3/3
Reasonable Physician Standards 5/5
Access to Administration Methods 5/10
- Allows Dried Flower 0/5
- Allows Edibles, Concentrates, and Other Forms 5/5
Provides Access to Minors on School Grounds 0/5
Affordability 35/100   
Sales Tax Break for Patients and Caregivers 20/20
Covered by State Insurance or Health Aid 0/20
Reasonable Registration Fees 0/20
Financial Hardship Waivers or Discounts 15/20
Donation Program 0/10
Allows Multi-Year Registrations 0/10
Health and Social Equity 57/100   
State Program Protections 25/25
Housing Protections 10/25
Access for Minors 10/10
Access in Underserved Areas 0/10
List of Qualifying Conditions is Exhaustive or All Inclusive 7/10
Allows Patients to Medicate Where they Choose 0/10
Organ Transplants 5/5
Ownership or Employment Restrictions 0/5
Consumer Protection and Product Safety 75/200   
Total 18/50
Quality Management Systems 10/10
Staff Training 0/10
Standard Operating Procedures 5/8
- Facility and Equipment Sanitation 1/1
- Workplace Safety 0/1
- Storage 0/1
- Batch and Lot Tracking 1/1
- Security 1/1
- Waste Disposal 1/1
- Water Management 0/1
- Records Management 1/1
Pesticide Usage Limitations 0/2
Environmental Impact Regulations 0/2
Required Testing 0/8
- Cannabinoids 0/1
- Terpenes 0/1
- Microbials 0/1
- Aflatoxins 0/1
- Pesticides 0/1
- Heavy Metals 0/1
- Foreign Matter 0/1
- Moisture Content/ Water Activity 0/1
Packaging and Labeling 0/3
- Cannabinoids 0/1
- Terpenes 0/1
- Pesticides 0/1
Complaints, Adverse Event Reporting, and Recall Protocol 3/7
Total 26/50
Quality Management Systems 0/10
Staff Training 10/10
Standard Operating Procedures 5/7
- Facility and Equipment Sanitation 1/1
- Workplace Safety 0/1
- Storage 0/1
- Batch and Lot Tracking 1/1
- Security 1/1
- Waste Disposal 1/1
- Records Management 1/1
Environmental Impact Regulations 0/3
Required Testing 6/10
- Cannabinoids 1/1
- Terpenes 0/1
- Microbials 1/1
- Aflatoxins 1/1
- Pesticides 1/1
- Heavy Metals 1/1
- Residual Solvents 1/1
- Homogeneity 0/1
- Foreign Matter 0/1
- Water Activity 0/1
Packaging and Labeling 2/5
- Cannabinoids 1/1
- Terpenes 0/1
- Ingredients 1/1
- Allergens 0/1
- Nutritional Content 0/1
Complaints, Adverse Event Reporting and Recall Protocol 3/5
Total 0/50
Staff Training 0/20
Standard Operating Procedures 0/7
- Facility Sanitation 0/1
- Workplace Safety 0/1
- Storage 0/1
- Batch and Lot Tracking 0/1
- Security 0/1
- Waste Disposal 0/1
- Records Management 0/1
Product Testing 0/10
- Product Meets Requirements Before Sale 0/5
- COA Disclosure 0/5
Complaints, Adverse Event Reporting and Recall Protocol 0/13
Total 31/50
Independent or Third-Party 5/5
Laboratory Sampling 0/5
Method Validation 4/4
Quality Management Systems 5/5
Staff Training 10/20
Standard Operating Procedures 7/7
- Facility and Equipment Sanitation 1/1
- Equipment and Instrument Calibration 1/1
- Workplace Safety 1/1
- Sample Tracking 1/1
- Security 1/1
- Waste Disposal 1/1
- Records Management 1/1
Result Reporting 0/4
Score Penalties 0/100   
Gives Regulatory Preference to Adult Use 0/20
Classifies Cannabis as a Medicine of Last Resort 0/15
Administrative or Supply Problems 0/15
Requires Vertical Integration 0/10
Creates New Criminal Penalties for Patients 0/10
Limits Patients to a Single Retailer 0/10
No System for Adding Qualifying Conditions 0/10
Imposes Bans or Limits on THC 0/5
Imposes Bans or Limits on CBD 0/5
Excerpted from ASA's 2021 State of the States Report.
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Becoming a patient in Minnesota

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Recommending Cannabis in Minnesota

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History of Medical Cannabis in Minnesota

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Policy Recommendations Minnesota