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IN THIS ISSUE
- Medical Cannabis Initiatives on the Ballot in Four States
- Congress Extends State Protections, Abandons Vets
- Louisiana Lawmakers Push Program Forward
- Illinois Extends and Expands Pilot Program
- Medical Cannabis Reducing Opiate Risks
- Activist Profiles: Four Advocates Turned Candidates
- ACTION ALERT: Vote for Safe Access on Nov. 8!
Medical Cannabis Initiatives on the Ballot in Four States
Two medical cannabis initiatives were on the ballot in Arkansas, Issue 6 and Issue 7. Both were challenged in the courts, with only Issue 6 surviving. Issue 6, known as the Arkansas Medical Marijuana Amendment of 2016, would recognize 17 qualifying conditions, establish a Medical Marijuana Commission, provide tax revenue to schools and the state’s general fund, and allow for regulated dispensaries and cultivation facilities, although local communities could ban their operation. This is an amendment to the state constitution, so it cannot be overturned by the legislature.
The state Supreme Court on Oct. 13 turned away a request from the state Chamber of Commerce and the Arkansas Farm Bureau to block Issue 6. On Oct. 27, the court in a 5-2 decision invalidated Issue 7 because of questions over whether volunteers who were collecting several thousand signatures should have been reported as paid canvassers because they might have received compensation if funds were donated.
The Arkansas Democratic Party’s platform supports legalizing medical cannabis.
More information: Text of Issue 6.
A voter initiative that would amend the Florida constitution to expand qualifying conditions, allow caregivers and license dispensaries is back on the Florida ballot. Two years ago a similar measure narrowly failed to achieve the 60% super-majority Florida election law requires for constitutional amendment. Since then the Florida legislature has passed a restrictive medical cannabis bill, but limitations in the program design and delays in implementation have frustrated patients. Endorsements for Amendment 2 include the Miami Herald, the Sun Sentinel and the Epilepsy Foundation.
More Information: Text of Amendment 2.
Montana voters get a chance to undo the damage done by state lawmakers who have gutted the initiative citizens originally passed in 2004. The Montana Medical Marijuana Initiative, also known as I-182, would amend Senate Bill 423 to remove the three-patient restriction on providers and allow them to employ people to “cultivate, dispense, and transport medical marijuana." It would also add chronic pain and PTSD to the state’s qualifying conditions and remove the state review of doctors who issue more than 25 recommendations a year. If the measure passes, annual inspections of medical cannabis facilities by the state would replace unannounced law enforcement inspections.
More Information: Test of Montana I-182.
The North Dakota Medical Marijuana Legalization Initiative, also known as Initiated Statutory Measure 5, would establish a regulated dispensary system for qualifying patients and allow for personal cultivation. The broad list of recognized conditions could be further expanded by petitioning the state health department. Qualifying patients registered with the state would be allowed to possess up to three ounces of medicine. Registered caregivers would be allowed to provide medicine for up to five patients.
More Information: Text of Measure 5.
Congress Extends State Protections, Abandons Vets
Congress punted on passing a budget for 2017 last month, opting for a short-term measure that sustained one amendment that protects state medical marijuana programs but jettisoned another that would have aided veterans.
The Rohrabacher-Farr amendment, first enacted in 2014 and included in the measure, bars the Department of Justice (DOJ) from expending federal funds on interfering with state programs. The DOJ and several federal prosecutors argued that the budget rider did not prevent them from continuing to prosecute individual patients and providers, but a U.S. District Judge ruled otherwise last fall, and the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld that interpretation of the amendment in August.
Veterans fared less well. Even though both the Senate and House passed versions of the Veterans Equal Access Amendment, it disappeared from the budget bill in conference committee when the two versions were merged. This unprecedented move drew the ire of the amendment’s sponsors, Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-Ore.) and Sens. Steve Daines (R-Mont.) and Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.).
“We feel the failure of the Conferees to include either provision is a drastic misfortune for veterans and is contrary to the will of both chambers as demonstrated by the strong bipartisan support for these provisions,” they wrote in a letter to congressional leaders.
The Amendment would have blocked the Department of Veterans Affairs from preventing its doctors from providing veterans with the recommendations and paperwork necessary to participate in state medical cannabis programs.
“It’s incredibly frustrating and disappointing that despite broad bipartisan, bicameral support, a handful of out-of-touch lawmakers put politics over the well-being of America’s wounded warriors. Our veterans deserve better,” Blumenauer said in a statement. “We will continue to seek every opportunity to make sure they have fair and equal treatment and the ability to consult with, and seek a recommendation from, their personal VA physician about medical marijuana.”
Congress will revisit the 2017 federal budget after the election.
Louisiana Lawmakers Push Program Forward
The Louisiana House of Representatives voted two to one to accelerate implementation of the state’s medical cannabis program and expand the list of qualifying conditions to include seizure disorders, HIV, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis and other conditions. The vote on Senate Bill 271, which is sponsored by a Republican pharmacist, sends it back to the Senate for approval of changes made by the House. Gov. John Bel Edwards supports the bill.
The medical cannabis program established by state lawmakers last year has faced implementation delays, despite action from the governor in May to move it forward. Advocates estimate it will take another two years before patients can access medicine.
Illinois Extends and Expands Pilot Program
Illinois lawmakers last month extended the state’s pilot medical cannabis program for four more years. Despite opposing the program, Gov. Bruce Rauner signed the bill and added PTSD and terminal illnesses to the list of qualifying conditions. The state also issued new forms for physicians that permit them to simply certify their patients as having a qualifying condition without directly recommending medical cannabis as a treatment. Patient Identification cards are now good for three years, and patients with terminal illnesses now qualify for free registration. Illinois has struggled to meet program projections due to regulatory barriers, but reported sales of $2.9 million for July were a record. The changes are expected to increase participation.
Medical Cannabis Reducing Opiate Risks
A new study in the American Journal of Public Health suggests access to medical marijuana is reducing use of prescription opioids such as the painkillers OxyContin and Percocet. Columbia University researchers looked at traffic fatalities in 18 U.S states from 1999-2013 and discovered that there were fewer fatal crashes with drivers under the influence of opioids after states passed medical cannabis laws.
“We would expect the adverse consequences of opioid use to decrease over time in states where medical marijuana use is legal, as individuals substitute marijuana for opioids in the treatment of severe or chronic pain,” lead author June H. Kim said in a statement.
This new report follows a 2014 Johns Hopkins study that found states with medical cannabis laws immediately saw a dramatic reduction in opiod overdose deaths -- 25 percent fewer than states where medical cannabis remains illegal.
Cannabis acts synergistically with opiods to increase their effectiveness, allowing pain patients to reduce dosages of dangerous narcotics.
Activist Profiles: Four Advocates Turned Candidates
Many medical cannabis activists have acquired the political skills to be effective political advocates, and some are now putting those skills to work campaigning for safe access initiatives and candidates. Some are even running for elected office themselves, including these four accomplished women.
Kari Boiter, a long-time medical cannabis advocate and patient, received ASA’s Advocate of the Year award in 2013 for her work supporting patients in Washington State who had been arrested and their families. She returned to her home state of Montana to fight for safe access, where she worked as Executive Legislative Assistant to a member of the Montana state legislature, who is retiring. After being approached to run herself, she decided it was another chance to make a difference. Kari is challenging the Republican incumbent in District 44 of the Montana state House of Representatives.
After Janet Breneman, a career nurse, lost her husband to cancer in 2011, she started doing research on medical cannabis and attending conferences. Last year she got involved in Ohio’s medical cannabis ballot initiative as an advocate for patients and learned quickly how to leverage media. After the initiative failed, she began lobbying and educating members of the legislature, authoring a white paper on medical cannabis and helping revise a Democratic senator’s proposed bill and find a Republican co-sponsor. Thanks in part to her efforts, the bill passed. But when she started meeting with representatives, she discovered her own representative would not listen, so she decided to run for office. Janet is now the Democratic candidate for District 67 of the Ohio House of Representatives, facing the Republican incumbent. Janet says medical cannabis activism ignited a passion for educating and empowering people. "I’m trying to put the WE back into politics," she says. “You can't sit idle and watch things happen without at least educating people."
Christine Stenquist was this year’s ASA Advocate of the Year and is now running for the Utah state House of Representatives. After medical cannabis rescued her from the effects of an inoperable brain tumor that had her bedridden and wasting for 15 years, she has contributed to a two-year fight for medical cannabis access in Utah. Her experience in the state capitol showed her how many backroom deals and special interests drive the legislative process. But instead of giving in to disillusionment, she decided to change it from the inside by seeking office.
"The little people don’t get heard, and the people with no money have no voice,” she says. She is running as a Democrat for the District 17 seat, facing the Republican incumbent.
Melissa Fults of Arkansas is yet another accomplished medical cannabis activist turned candidate. A grandmother of three who runs a small goat farm, Melissa is not what most consider a typical cannabis activist. Yet for the past five years, she has been actively leading the fight to pass a medical cannabis initiative in Arkansas, and she is now the 2016 Democratic candidate for District 27 of the state House of Representatives. Melissa’s interest in pursuing office is more than just to push cannabis legislation, “The people in our district - my family, my friends, and my neighbors - need a representative who more accurately reflects them and shares their concerns for our future and that of future generations,” she says. “We have to change direction, seek solutions for the real problems Arkansans face daily, and, most importantly, get back to helping others succeed.”
Kari, Janet, Christine, and Melissa are all change-makers who, when they saw where their government was failing the people, stepped up to change it. If your state has an election, make sure you know where the candidates in your district stand on the issue of medical marijuana before you vote.
Americans for Safe Access has made it easy for you to choose your Federal candidates with Vote Medical Marijuana. Vote Medical Marijuana allows you to view your federal legislator’s medical marijuana voting record on cannabis bills before you place your vote November 8th. Vote smart, vote medical marijuana.
Action Alert: Vote for Safe Access Nov 8!
Medical cannabis is on the ballot in every state! Some are voting on medical or adult-use marijuana ballot measure, but everyone will choose one or more members of Congress.
ASA has analyzed the records of every Member of Congress to create a guide for voters who care about medical cannabis. Know how your Representative and Senators voted on medical cannabis in the 114th Session of Congress before you help re-elect them by checking out ASA’s VoteMedicalMarijuana voter education guide!
Vote Informed. Visit www.safeaccessnow.org/vote_medical_marijuana.
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