Medical cannabis can be grown outdoors or indoors. Growing cannabis outdoors is a lot like having a garden. The sun provides the necessary light and the plants can be rooted directly in the soil. Some patients have a strong preference for sun-grown medical cannabis. Many patients choose to cultivate medical cannabis indoors due to the local climate, concerns about discretion, or safety.

Growing medical cannabis indoors requires an investment in specially designed grow lamps, a watering system, and other equipment. Indoor cultivation is more expensive and technically challenging than outdoor cultivation. However, some patients prefer the extra degree of control and care they can give to plants shielded from the elements and pests indoors. 

In order to grow your own medical cannabis, you will need to obtain seeds or cuttings called “clones”. Your state may allow you to obtain clones from dispensaries or other cannabis businesses. To choose clones or seeds use the same tools and criteria you would use to choose a cultivar for medicine. Otherwise, you may have to obtain them from another legal patient. 

Essential Equipment for Home Cultivation

Equipping yourself with the right tools and supplies is essential for successful cannabis cultivation. Here are some must-have items to consider:

Seeds & Clones: Choose reputable seed banks or clones from trusted sources to minimize the risk of introducing pathogens or pests into your grow space.

Grow Lights: For indoor cultivation, invest in high-quality grow lights to provide your plants with the necessary light spectrum for optimal growth and flowering.

Containers or Grow Beds: Choose appropriate containers or grow beds for your plants, considering factors such as drainage, size, and material (e.g., fabric pots, plastic containers, raised beds).

Soil or Growing Medium: Select a suitable soil mix or growing medium that provides adequate nutrients and drainage for healthy plant growth. Consider options such as potting soil, coco coir, or hydroponic systems.

Nutrients: Cannabis plants require essential nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium for robust growth and flowering. Invest in quality fertilizers or nutrient solutions tailored to the different stages of plant growth.

pH Testing Kit: Monitoring the pH levels of your soil or growing medium is crucial for ensuring nutrient uptake and preventing nutrient deficiencies or toxicities. Invest in a pH testing kit to maintain optimal pH levels for your plants.

Pruning Tools: Keep your plants healthy and productive by regularly pruning and trimming foliage. Essential pruning tools include scissors, pruning shears, and trimming scissors.

Support Structures: Provide support for your plants as they grow taller and develop heavy buds. Consider options such as stakes, trellises, or tomato cages to prevent bending or breaking of branches.

Pest Control Products: Be prepared to deal with common pests and diseases that may affect your cannabis plants. Invest in organic pest control products or preventive measures such as companion planting and proper sanitation practices.

To ensure you are cultivating your medicine free of contaminants, be sure to incorporate these key protocols.