Source: Cultivation, Storage

Aflatoxins and Ochratoxin A are mycotoxins produced by fungi found all over the world. According to the World Health Organization, over 25% of the world’s food crops must be destroyed annually due to aflatoxins. 

Aflatoxins have been found in numerous food crops including corn, often used as animal feed, leading to contaminated meat and animal products as well as potentially contaminated manure. In locations where lower-quality grain products are fed to livestock, the issue is perpetuated more often. Like aflatoxin, Ochratoxin A is found in food crops intended for both human and animal consumption.

Aflatoxins are carcinogenic and can affect every system in the body. They are mutagenic and genotoxic, meaning they may cause birth defects, and also act as an immunosuppressant. They may stunt children’s growth and can have deleterious effects on the liver. Ochratoxin A may cause kidney damage, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer has stated that it is a possible Group 2B carcinogen based on animal studies.

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