Alabama Legal Information

In 2014, the Alabama state legislature passed SB 174, a restrictive cannabidiol (CBD) law. Officially entitled "Carly's Law," it offers an affirmative defense for the possession and use of CBD; however, the program is extremely limited and may not be able to provide CBD-rich medicine to patients in Alabama. At the time, the law only allows for CBD access after a medical practitioner at the University of Alabama-Birmingham’s (UAB) Department of Neurology has made a diagnosis for a “debilitating epileptic condition,” at which point the physician may “prescribe” CBD-rich preparations that are less than 3% THC and “essentially free of plant material.”

In 2016 HB 61 was passed, which expanded the affirmative defense to several conditions and removed the requirement that patients must be enrolled in the UAB study program. Under HB 61, patients are eligible for the affirmative defense if they are simply diagnosed with a debilitating condition, regardless of the age of the patient. However, a "prescription" is still required in order for a minor's parents or legal guardians to be eligible for the affirmative defense. Because physicians cannot write prescriptions for medical cannabis, parents of minor-aged patients may be ineligible for legal protections.


In This Section

Alabama State Grade

View and print the Alabama MMJ State Report Card from our latest report: Medical Marijuana Access in the U.S. A Patient-Focused Analysis of the Patchwork of State Laws.

Alabama Medical Marijuana Laws and Regulations

In 2014, the Alabama state legislature passed SB 174, a restrictive cannabidiol (CBD) law. Officially entitled "Carly's Law," it offers an affirmative defense for the possession and use of CBD. HB61 (2016) extends low-THC extract affirmative defense to patients with more qualifying conditions as well as parent caregivers.

Becoming a patient in Alabama

To become a patient eligible legal protections for the use of CBD oil therapy under SB 61, the patient must receive a diagnosis for a debilitating medical condition.

Recommending Cannabis in Alabama

Licensed physicians in Alabama must diagnose patients with an eligible qualifying medical condition before the patient is entitled to use the state's affirmative defense.

Facing state or federal charges?

Unfortunately, patients, caregivers, and providers are still vulnerable to federal and state arrests, prosecutions, and incarceration. They also suffer pervasive discrimination in employment, child custody, housing, public accommodation, education and medical care.